Workouts that boost a person’s heart and breathing rate over a long period of time are called aerobics, which are endurance exercises. Anaerobic activities are short, intense bursts of exertion. Cardiovascular health is improved by both types of exercise.

Aerobic vs Anaerobic Exercises

Aerobic Exercises

Endurance-type workouts, like aerobics, require the muscles of an individual to work in unison for an extended length of time.

In order to produce energy, these exercises are referred to as “aerobic.” In order to provide more oxygen to the muscles, aerobic exercises raise the heart rate and breathing rate of the participant.

Examples of aerobic exercise include:

  • brisk walking
  • running
  • cycling
  • swimming

Anaerobic Exercises

High-intensity exercise, such as anaerobic exercise, is designed to be performed quickly and for a short period of time. Rather of relying on oxygen to power your muscles, your body relies on the stored energy in your muscles to keep you going. To avoid overtraining, anaerobic activities should only be performed for 10 to 15 seconds at a time.

Types of Anaerobic Exercises

Anaerobic exercise is primarily intended to increase muscular growth. Anaerobic exercise can lead to muscular hypertrophy over time. It’s because of this that the muscles are stretched, contracted, and damaged during exercise, which increases their mass and power.

Examples of anaerobic exercises include:

  • High-intensity interval training (HIIT)
  • Weight lifting
  • Calisthenics, such as jumps and squats
  • Plyometrics


The main differences between aerobic exercise and anaerobic exercise are:

  • ways in which the body makes use of accumulated power
  • the level of exertion required
  • the maximum amount of time an individual can exercise for

Rhythmic, moderate, and longer-duration activities make up the bulk of aerobic training. Short bursts of high intensity action are common in anaerobic activities.

When it comes to improving endurance, aerobic exercise tends to be better than anaerobic activity.


This year’s review The cardiovascular system benefits from both aerobic and anaerobic exercise, according to a reliable source. both types of exercise are beneficial because of the following reasons:

  • enhancing the heart’s ability
  • enhancing blood flow
  • boosting the body’s metabolic rate
  • assisting in weight loss

According to the CDC,Trusted Source any sort of exercise lowers a person’s chance of the following health conditions: cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes.

  • Ailment of The Heart
  • A Second Form of The Disease
  • Some Cancers
  • Dementia
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

According to the American Psychological Association, physical and mental health are both enhanced by regular exercise of any kind.

Health Benefits of Aerobic Exercise

Cardiovascular health is one of the key advantages of aerobic exercise. Cardiovascular health is improved and heart disease reversed and prevented by this type of exercise.

Aerobic exercise has been demonstrated to reduce the risk of a number of different illnesses, including diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Osteoporosis
  • Obesity
  • Diabetic hypertension
  • Stroke
  • There is a metabolic disorder.

Aerobic exercise may also aid with weight loss. In addition to following a nutritious diet, getting regular aerobic activity can aid in weight loss or weight management as well. ‌

It’s possible that it’ll lift your spirits, too. Endorphins—chemicals in your brain that can help you relax—are released by your body as you exercise. You will feel more at ease as a result of this. It may also help you sleep better at night.

Health Benefits of Anaerobic Exercise

Like aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise can help you lose weight and enhance your cardiovascular health, as well. Anaerobic exercise has a number of other advantages, including the creation of muscle mass.

Weightlifting, for example, can help you build more bone mass and density. Maintaining bone density as you become older can be aided by this. As a bonus, resistance training enhances your body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels.

As with aerobic exercise, anaerobic exercise can also boost your mood and cardiovascular health.

Risks of Aerobic Exercises

The majority of people benefit from aerobic exercise. However, if a person has any of the following conditions, they should consult with their doctor before beginning aerobic exercise:

  • have a history of heart disease, such as:
    • a heart condition
    • coronary artery disease
    • high blood pressure
    • blood clots
  • you may be susceptible to heart disease
  • in the process of recuperating from a heart attack

When it comes to starting an aerobic exercise routine, doctors might provide specific activity suggestions or reasonable limits.

Sedentary individuals should begin their physical exercise regimen in small steps and work their way up. Excessive strain on the body may be caused if long-term, high-intensity aerobic activity is introduced suddenly.

Risks of Anaerobic Exercises

This type of workout is more taxing on the body and needs a higher level of effort. As a result, before starting an anaerobic exercise programme, people should make sure they are fit enough to begin with.

People with preexisting medical conditions should see their doctor before beginning anaerobic activity.

When undertaking anaerobic activities for the first time, working with a personal trainer can be advantageous. To avoid overexertion or injury, a client might work with a personal trainer to verify that the workouts are done appropriately.

Aerobic Exercise Types

Aerobic exercises can be thought of as long-term kinds of exercise.

Common examples of aerobic exercise include:

  • brisk walking
  • hiking
  • dancing
  • swimming
  • cycling

Anaerobic exercise types

Anaerobic exercises are often associated with short, high-intensity workouts.

Examples of anaerobic exercises include:

  • weightlifting
  • sprinting
  • HIIT
  • body weight activities, such as pushups and pullups

How often should you do aerobic exercises?

People should engage in 150–300 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75–150 minutes of strong aerobic activity per week, according to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). They point out that getting more exercise has more of a positive impact on health.

A brisk walk or a leisurely bike ride can be considered moderate aerobic exercise. The general rule of thumb is that a person should be able to communicate while engaging in these activities.

Long-distance running and hard cycling are examples of more vigorous aerobic workouts. Athletes that engage in more strenuous aerobic exercises are able to meet their weekly aerobic activity requirements faster.

How often should you do anaerobic exercises?

Adults should engage in muscle-strengthening activities of moderate to high intensity at least two days a week, according to the HHS Department’s Trusted Source. Weightlifting and resistance exercise are two examples.

Muscle-strengthening exercises should target all major muscle groups, not only the upper or lower body’s muscles, to maximise results.